Replicable formats of cooperation

ABOUT THE BOOK

The Social Design Cookbook is a colourful selection of replicable collaborative and cooperative formats. It presents 18 widely adopted models and practices of collaborative knowledge production, sharing, collective action and decision making.

It also offers the ’social design canvas’, a design toolkit to aid individual and organisational efforts to understand, analyse, and design new cooperative social processes, which are independent of monetary motivations.
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CASE STUDIES FEATURED IN THE BOOK

photo: Claire Britt

COMPLAINTS CHOIR

COMPLAINTS CHOIR IS AN OPEN SOURCE ART PERFORMANCE, WHERE PEOPLE TRANSFORM THEIR COMPLAINTS INTO A POWERFUL CHOIR SONG AND PERFORM IT IN PUBLIC.
_URL: www.complaintschoir.org
_founders: Tellervo Kalleinen, Oliver Kochta-Kalleinen
_year: 2005
_city: Birmingham
_first to adopt: Helsinki
_penetration: 140+ Complaints Choirs worldwide
“We thought it would be very powerful to combine individual complaints with a collective act of singing in a choir.”
interview with Tellervo Kalleinen (co-founder of Complaints Choir) from the Social Design Cookbook
Photo: Attila Magyar

CRITICAL MASS

A MONTHLY BIKING EVENT RECLAIMING THE STREETS, CREATING A MASS THAT LEAVES NO ROOM FOR OTHER VEHICLES.
_URL: www.criticalmass.wikia.com
_founders: Chris Carlsson, along with Jim Swanson, Markus Cook, Kash, Joel Pomerantz
_year: 1992
_city: San Francisco
_first to adopt: Poznan, Poland
_penetration: worldwide, in 2003, the event was being held in over 300 cities around the world
“There are as many reasons why people get engaged as there are participants!”
interview with Chris Carlsson (co-founder of Critical Mass) from the Social Design Cookbook

DEMOCRACYOS

DEMOCRACYOS IS AN ONLINE PLATFORM WHERE CITIZENS CAN PROPOSE, DEBATE AND DECIDE ON POLITICAL ISSUES.
_URL: www.democracyos.org
_founders: Pia Mancini, Santiago Siri, Guido Vilariño and other members of the Democracia en Red Foundation
_year: 2012
_city: Buenos Aires
_first to adopt: France
_penetration: implemented by 15+ congresses, governments and representatives; translated to 15 languages.
“Global does not mean that you will be everywhere in the world, global means that the world is going to use you.”
interview with Mair Williams (researcher and community manager of Democracy OS) from the Social Design Cookbook
photo: Valery De Smet

FABLAB

FABLAB IS A WORKSHOP SPACE WITH DIGITAL FABRICATION TOOLS AND A COMMUNITY THAT OFFERS SUPPORT FOR PROFESSIONALS AND AMATEURS TO MATERIALIZE THEIR GOALS.
_URL: www.fab.cba.mit.edu
           www.fablab.is
           www.fabfoundation.org
_founders: Neil Gershenfeld, Center for Bits and Atoms (CBA) at MIT
_year: 2001
_city: Boston
_first to adopt: Sekondi-Takoradi, Ghana, Lyngen, Norway
_penetration: 600+ fablabs in 80+ countries worldwide
“Instead of having a financial or business model you should have a rewarding model.”
interview with Harmen G. Zijp (co-founder of FabLab Amersfoort) from the Social Design Cookbook
photo: Krepsz Zoltán

FORTEPAN

FORTEPAN IS AN ONLINE DATABASE OF HIGH RESOLUTION ARCHIVE PHOTOGRAPHS FROM THE 20TH CENTURY.
_URL: www.fortepan.hu
_founders: Miklós Tamási, Ákos Szepessy
_year: 2010
_city: Budapest
_first to adopt: Fortepan Iowa
_penetration: 65 000+ photos (March 2016)
“They have shown a different, civil view of Hungary, which came from the fact, that we had started to work with private photographs found in the dustbin.”
interview with Miklós Tamási (founder of Fortepan) from the Social Design Cookbook

FREESOUND

FREESOUND IS AN ONLINE COLLABORATIVE SOUND DATABASE. SOUND FILES ARE RECORDED AND UPLOADED BY THE USERS AND SHARED UNDER FREE LICENSES.
_URL: www.freesound.org
_founders: Xavier Serra, Bram de Jong at Music Technology Group of Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona
_year: 2005
_city: Barcelona
_penetration: 4 million registered users in 2016
“There are zillions of open source collaborative sites, it is a very common concept. What is hard is to sustain those models.”
interview with Xavier Serra (co-founder of Freesound) from the Social Design Cookbook
Photo: NASA, ESA, and the Hubble SM4 ERO Team

GALAXY ZOO

GALAXY ZOO IS AN ONLINE CITIZEN SCIENCE PROJECT. VOLUNTEERS CAN CONTRIBUTE TO SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH BY CLASSIFYING IMAGES OF GALAXIES.
_URL: www.galaxyzoo.org, www.zooniverse.org
_founders: Kevin Schawinski, Chris Lintotta
_year: 2007
_city: Oxford
_first to adopt: Moon Zoo, Galaxy Zoo Supernovae, Galaxy Zoo Mergers, Solar Stormwatch, Old Weather
_penetration: 1,000,000+ registered volunteers
“People are really keen to do something that is useful.”
interview with Kevin Schawinski (co-founder of Galaxy Zoo) from the Social Design Cookbook

JÁRÓKELŐ

JÁRÓKELŐ IS AN ONLINE PLATFORM WHERE RESIDENTS CAN REPORT STREET PROBLEMS TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS.
_URL: www.jarokelo.hu
_founders: Marietta Le, Zsolt Balog, Dávid Barkóczi
_year: 2012
_city: Budapest
_first to adopt: Nyíregyháza
_penetration: At the begining in 2012 there were only around 10 reports weekly from the downtown. In 2015 there are 10-15 reports daily.
“Járókelő is successful because it makes problems and how these problems are solved visible.”
interview with Marietta Le (co-founder of Járókelő) from the Social Design Cookbook
photo: Marion Borriss

THE LONG NIGHT OF MUSEUMS

THE LONG NIGHT OF MUSEUMS IS A NIGHT WHEN MUSEUMS, CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS STAY OPEN UNTIL LATE AND VISITORS CAN EXPERIENCE THE EXHIBITIONS AND PROGRAMS IN AN UNUSUAL SETTING.
_URL: www.lange-nacht-der-museen.de
_founders: Wolf Kühnelt
_year: 1997
_city: Berlin
_first to adopt: Vienna, Munich, Hamburg
_penetration: 200+ cities worldwide
“It spread on its own – we actually didn't do anything.”
interview with Wolf Kühnelt (founder of Long Night of Museums) from the Social Design Cookbook
photo: Edouard Hue

MUSEOMIX

MUSEOMIX IS A 3-DAY-LONG COMMUNITY EVENT HELD IN MUSEUMS, WHERE THE MUSEUM BECOMES AN EXPERIMENT FIELD OF CREATING INSTALLATIONS AND PROTOTYPES.
_URL: www.museomix.org
_founders: Yves-Armel Martin, Samuel Bausson, nod-A (Marie-Noéline Viguié, Stéphanie Bacquére), Diane Drubay, Julien Dorra
_year: 2011
_city: Art Deco Museum, Paris
_first to adopt: Gallo Roman Museum, Lyon
_penetration: 11 museums in 6 countries (2015)
“The main value of Museomix is not to produce an interactive prototype, but to produce a community of people that have never met.”
interview with Yves-Armel Martin (co-founder of Museomix) from the Social Design Cookbook
Photo: Miki Vargas

NANOWRIMO

NATIONAL NOVEL WRITING MONTH IS AN ANNUAL CREATIVE NOVEL WRITING PROJECT. PARTICIPANTS SET UP A GOAL TO WRITE A 50,000-WORD IN 30 DAYS.
_URL: www.nanowrimo.org
_founders: Chris Baty
_year: 1999
_city: San Francisco, Bay Area
_first to adopt: US, Canadas
_penetration: 400000+ participants
“The formula of ‘ridiculous deadline + supportive community’ helps all of us achieve things we never would on our own.”
interview with Chris Baty (founder of NaNoWriMo) from the Social Design Cookbook
photo: www.openstreetmap.org

OPENSTREETMAP

OPENSTREETMAP IS A PROJECT FOR CREATING AND DISTRIBUTING FREE GEOGRAPHIC DATA FOR THE WORLD. USERS CAN MAKE IMPROVEMENTS BY FIXING ISSUES OR ADDING DETAILS TO THE MAP.
_URL: www.openstreetmap.org
_founders: Steve Coast
_year: 2004
_city: London
_first to adopt: Netherlands, Germany, Denmark
_penetration: 2,400,000 registered users worldwide (Jan 2016)
“The more interesting question is what you can't imagine. That's where innovation comes from”
interview with Steve Coast (founder of OpenStreetMap) from the Social Design Cookbook
photo: Zorán Vukoszávlyev

PECHAKUCHA NIGHT

EVENT FOR YOUNG DESIGNERS TO MEET, NETWORK AND SHOW THEIR WORK IN PUBLIC. TO KEEP TALKS CONCISE, PRESENTATIONS FOLLOW THE 20X20 RULE.
_founders: Astrid Klein, Mark Dytham (Klein-Dytham Architecture)
_year: 2003
_city: Tokyo
_first to adopt: Los Angeles, Bern, San Francisco
_penetration: 800+ cities worldwide
“We never asked anybody to run a PechaKucha Night, people always contact us.”
interview with Mark Dytham (co-founder of PechaKucha Night) from the Social Design Cookbook
photo: Tuomas Sarparanta

RESTAURANT DAY

ONE-DAY FOOD CARNIVAL HELD FOUR TIMES A YEAR. PARTICIPANTS SET UP A TEMPORARY RESTAURANT IN THEIR HOMES, OFFICE OR IN A PUBLIC LOCATION.
_URL: www.restaurantday.org
_founders: Timo Santala, Olli Sirén, Antti Tuomola
_year: 2011
_city: Helsinki
_first to adopt: other cities in Finland, Oxford, Ljubljana, Burgas
_penetration: 220 cities, 35 countries (August 2013)
“If opening a restaurant is difficult we need to make it easier.”
interview with Timo Santala (co-founder of Restaurant Day) from the Social Design Cookbook

SUBJECTIVE ATLAS

BOOK SERIES WITH THE AIM TO MAP AND SHOWCASE THE CULTURAL IDENTITY OF A COUNTRY, REGION THROUGH HONEST, PERSONAL CONTRIBUTIONS MADE BY LOCAL ARTISTS AND GRAPHIC DESIGNERS.
_URL: www.subjectiveatlas.info
_founders: Annelys de Vet
_year: 2003
_city: Brussels
_first to adopt: the EU, the Netherlands
_penetration: 10 atlases
“I am very pleased when it is copied and used on other ways.”
interview with Annelys de Vet (founder of Subjective Atlas) from the Social Design Cookbook
Daria Sorokina and Andrey Loginov from Light My Photo team

THE PORT HACKATHON

THE PORT HACKATHON IS A THREE-DAY PROBLEM SOLVING WORKSHOP TO WORK ON TECHNOLOGICAL SOLUTIONS FOR HUMANITARIAN ISSUES.
_URL: www.theport.ch
_founders: twelve scientists and entrepreneurs from THE Port Association
_year: 2014
_city: Geneva
_penetration: 3 events (as of March 2016)
“The question is: can we show immediate impact on the fundamental science with what we are doing?”
interview with Ines Knäpper (president of THE Port Association) from the Social Design Cookbook

USE-IT

USE-IT IS A FREE, NON-COMMERCIAL CITY MAP MADE BY LOCALS FOR YOUNG TRAVELLERS.
_URL: www.use-it.travel
_year: 2005
_city: Ghent
_first to adopt: other Belgian cities
_penetration: 40+ European cities
“You feel that it is not made by city marketing, but by real young people who live in city.”
interview with Nicolas Marichal (editor-in-chief at USE-IT Europe) from the Social Design Cookbook

WIKIDATA

WIKIDATA IS A SISTER PROJECT OF WIKIPEDIA WHICH AIMS TO BUILD A COLLABORATIVELY EDITED, SEMANTIC DATABASE THAT IS READABLE TO BOTH HUMANS AND MACHINES.
_URL: www.wikidata.org
_founders: Markus Krötzsch, Denny Vrandecic
_year: 2012
_country: Germany
_first to adopt: Hungarian, Hebrew and Italian Wikipedias
_penetration: 20,000 registered users (February 2015)
“Wikipedia and all of its sister projects is based on this fundamental trust in the skill and benevolence of the people. Without this optimism, nothing would work.”
interview with Markus Krötzsch (co-founder of Wikidata) from the Social Design Cookbook